Adjectives in Catalan

How to make adjectives in Catalan 

Adjectives are words that qualify a noun. This means that are often descriptive and give us better insights about what we are talking. As you may already know, nouns in Catalan have both gender (masculine and feminine) and number (singular and plural). The adjectives in Catalan always have to match the noun they qualify in both gender and number. What this means is that if you have a noun that is feminine plural, the adjective will also have to be feminine plural.

For instance:

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  • Les cases boniques (the nice houses) = Les (feminine plural article), cases (feminine plural noun), boniques (feminine plural adjective)
  • La casa bonica (the nice house) = La (feminine singular article),  casa (feminine singular noun),  bonica (feminine singular adjective)
  • El gos carinyós (the affectionate dog) = El (masculine singular article), gos (masculine singular noun), carinyós (masculine singular adjective)
  • Els gossos carinyosos (the affectionate dogs) = Els (masculine plural article), gossos (masculine plural noun), carinyosos (masculine plural adjective)

Important note:

In almost all cases, the noun precedes the adjective. We have to write the noun first followed by the adjective. So it is a bit of a different mindset compared to English 😉

Here below there is a table with Catalan adjectives, their respective forms and the meaning in English.

Masculine singular Feminine singular Masculine plural  Feminine plural Meaning
divertit divertida divertits divertides fun/funny
avorrit avorrida avorrits avorrides boring
bonic bonica bonics boniques nice/beautiful
dolent dolenta dolents dolentes bad
bo bona bons bones good
interessant interessant interessants interessants interesting
gran gran grans grans big
petit petita petits petites small
útil  útil  útils  útils  useful

 

 

 

 

 

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6 thoughts on “Adjectives in Catalan

  1. I’d like You, If it’s possível, put the áudio of words in front of them. Just to know id pronunciaria is correct. Thank’s a Lot for your help.

  2. Bones Maria 👋🏾 Thanks for these lessons and insipiring me – I’m looking forward to moving to Barcelona in the next couple of years. Question: If I say ‘El restaurant es bonic’ but I’m discussing this with a female friend and it is HER restaurant, and I’m pointing out the fact that this ‘thing/restaurant’ she has created is beautiful do I make the article, noun and adjective feminine? Or is it just easier to say ‘Tu restaurant es bonica’. Thanks. Fins ara ✌🏾

    • Moltes gràcies Eugene! Your example is already perfect how you wrote it. Remember that the adjective complements the noun (restaurant) and not the person to whom you are talking. The adjective is bond to the noun it complements, and that’s it 🙂 If you wanted to complement your female friend, then you could say “ella és bonica”. Hope that is clear 🙂

  3. Hòla Maria,
    Thank you for educating us so I can learn more about the Catalan language and culture. It helps me to connect with my nephew and his family who lived near Girona all their lives. It will encourage me to visit them more often from Hawaii.

    • Hola Yesh, thanks so much for your comment – very exciting to find out that this project even reaches Hawaii! Girona and the surrounding area are gorgeous. Hope you will have the chance to visit and say a few words in Catalan 🙂

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