How to make adjectives in Catalan
Adjectives are words that qualify a noun. This means that are often descriptive and give us better insights about what we are talking. As you may already know, nouns in Catalan have both gender (masculine and feminine) and number (singular and plural). The adjectives in Catalan always have to match the noun they qualify in both gender and number. What this means is that if you have a noun that is feminine plural, the adjective will also have to be feminine plural.
- Les cases boniques (the nice houses) = Les (feminine plural article), cases (feminine plural noun), boniques (feminine plural adjective)
- La casa bonica (the nice house) = La (feminine singular article), casa (feminine singular noun), bonica (feminine singular adjective)
- El gos carinyós (the affectionate dog) = El (masculine singular article), gos (masculine singular noun), carinyós (masculine singular adjective)
- Els gossos carinyosos (the affectionate dogs) = Els (masculine plural article), gossos (masculine plural noun), carinyosos (masculine plural adjective)
In almost all cases, the noun precedes the adjective. We have to write the noun first followed by the adjective. So it is a bit of a different mindset compared to English 😉
Here below there is a table with Catalan adjectives, their respective forms and the meaning in English.
|Masculine singular||Feminine singular||Masculine plural||Feminine plural||Meaning|